Kachin State

Location: Kachin State lies in the northern part of Myanmar. It shares borders with People's Republic of China in the north and east; Shan State and Sagaing Division in the east and Sagaing Division and India in the west. It lies between North Latitude 23 27' and 28 25' Longitude 96 0' and 98 44' . The area of the State is 34,379 sq miles.

Climate: Kachin State lies on the north of the line of Tropic of Cancer. Hence, the climate of the southern part is warm-temperate and wet whereas the northern part has cold-temperate and wet climate. Highest mountains in the north are always covered with snow. In the lowland areas, the average temperature in summer being 80F (26.6 C) and in winter the temperature is a little more than 60F (26.6 C). There is heavy downpour in the rainy season and little amount of rain in winter. The rainfall in Bhamo is 60 inches. about 80 inches in Myitkyina and over 160 inches in Putao, in the northernmost part.

Population, inhabitants, religion and dialects: The population of Kachin State is over 1.2 million. Population density is 34 persons per square mile. The hills and mountains are sparsely populated whereas the plains are densely. There are 100 or more per square mile. The inhabitants are racial group such as Kachin, Bamar, Shan, Chin, Naga, etc. The distribution by religion is 57.8% Buddhists, 36.4% Christians and the remaining people are Hindu and Muslim faithful and those of other religious Faiths. The majority of the people there speak Myanmar, racial dialects such as Jinphaw, Rawan, Lisu, Lacheik, etc, are also spoken.

Organization of districts, townships and villages:
The three districts constituted in the Kachin State are Myitkyina, Bhamo and Putao. The number of townships and wards and village tracts constituted are 18 and 709 respectively. The capital of the state is Myitkyina.

Sown acreage and crops produced: Paddy is sown on more than 0.3 million acres of arable land. The output is 17.688 million baskets. Sugarcane is grown on 13,596 acres producing over twenty-thousand tons. There are also farms, alluvial lands, and garden lands. Total acreage of irrigated farm land is over 0.14 million and about fifty-thousand acres for double crops. Paddy is the most essential crop and 75% of the total arable land area is occupied by that crop. Millet, winter-groundnut, mustard, sesame, maize, potato, sunflower, beans and pulses. Myanmar tobacco, vegetables, banana, orange, citron, grape friut, lychee and mulberry are also grown in the State. Washaung and Monai dams are reliable for irrigated cultivation.

Other products: Jade is mincd in Phakant, Haungpa, Tawhmaw. Lonkin and other regions in the upper reaches of U-ru river. Nansakha gem-land is located in Mansi township of Bhamo district. A small amount of amber can be extracted in the Hukaung valley. Gold can be panned out from rivers and creeks. Salterns are in Kamaing township and Hukung valley.

In the Kachin State, there are rice mills, saw mills and sugar mills. The most important among them is Namti sugar mill. Weaving is carried out as a cottage industry. Kachin pasoe (sarong) and Kachin shoulder-bags are popular through the length and breadth of the country.

Snow-capped Khakabo-Razi, Kachin State

Traditional cultural festivals: There is traditional Manao Festival of the Kachin nationals. They are of variety kinds such as Padan Manao, Sut Manao. Sutrein Manao, Rawmalin Manao, Gyo Manao and Chinngaw Chin traditional dance of the Lisu nationals. Htaungka dance of the Kachin nationals is also popular. New Year festival, Wedding Ceremonies and harvest festival are also held. Kachin State Day falls on 10 January every year.

TV retransmission stations:
TV Retransmission stations are located in Myitkyina, Bhamo, Namma, Phakant, Putao, Mogaung, Tansi, Sumprabum, Chibwe, Lonton, Myothit, Kanpaiktee, Sawlaw, Sadon, Naungmon, Machanbaw, Kamaing, Panwa and Shwegu township.


Prepared by THAN TUN WIN, Embassy of the Union of Myanmar , Brussels