Kayin State

Location: Located between latitudes 15 45' north and 19 25' north and longitudes 96 10' east and 98 28' east. Kayin State shares the border with Yamethin District, Shan State and Kayah State in the north, Toungoo, Thaton and Mawlamyine districts in the west, Ye Township in the south and Thailand in the east. The area of the State is 11,731 sq-miles.

Kayin State has a hot and humid climate because of the mountain ranges that lie in its backdrop and its location, which is near the sea, in the tropics. The temperature of the hottest month in eastern mountain regions never falls below 71.9 F. Lowlands in the west and south of the state are located in the tropical monsoon climate. The lowest annual rainfall in the region is 120 inches and the highest is 190 inches. The regions get most of the rain in summer.

Some of the rivers and creeks in Kayin State are flowing from south to north due to the location of mountains. The main rivers in the state are Thanlwin, Thaungyin and Attaran rivers.


Population, inhabitant, languages and religion:
National races such as Kayin, Bamar, Pa-O, Shan, Mon and Rakhine are residing in the state which has a population of 1,431,377. The main religions are Buddhism. Christian and Leke.

The word Kayin is the collective name for all or Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe) and Bwe national races. Descended from Tibet-Myanmar dialect group, Kayins gradually entered Myanmar in Seventh AD or Eighth AD from east of Toungoo. The six different families of Kayin nationals are Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe), Bwe, Padaung, Kayinni and Zayein. They can be also defined as northern Kayins and southern Kayins based on the regions they are living in. Bwes are northern Kayins and Sawhaws (Sakaws) and Shos (Poes) are southern Kayins.

Though there are differences in tone and accent in dialects of various groups of the Kayin family, they all came from the same origin.

National races such as Kayin, Bamar, Pa-O, Shan, Mon and Rakhine are residing in the state which has a population of 1,431,377. The main religions are Buddhism. Christian and Leke.

The word Kayin is the collective name for all or Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe) and Bwe national races. Descended from Tibet-Myanmar dialect group, Kayins gradually entered Myanmar in Seventh AD or Eighth AD from east of Toungoo. The six different families of Kayin nationals are Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe), Bwe, Padaung, Kayinni and Zayein. They can be also defined as northern Kayins and southern Kayins based on the regions they are living in. Bwes are northern Kayins and Sawhaws (Sakaws) and Shos (Poes) are southern Kayins.

Though there are differences in tone and accent in dialects of various groups of the Kayin family, they all came from the same origin.

National races such as Kayin, Bamar, Pa-O, Shan, Mon and Rakhine are residing in the state which has a population of 1,431,377. The main religions are Buddhism. Christian and Leke.

The word Kayin is the collective name for all or Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe) and Bwe national races. Descended from Tibet-Myanmar dialect group, Kayins gradually entered Myanmar in Seventh AD or Eighth AD from east of Toungoo. The six different families of Kayin nationals are Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe), Bwe, Padaung, Kayinni and Zayein. They can be also defined as northern Kayins and southern Kayins based on the regions they are living in. Bwes are northern Kayins and Sawhaws (Sakaws) and Shos (Poes) are southern Kayins.

Though there are differences in tone and accent in dialects of various groups of the Kayin family, they all came from the same origin.

National races such as Kayin, Bamar, Pa-O, Shan, Mon and Rakhine are residing in the state which has a population of 1,431,377. The main religions are Buddhism. Christian and Leke.

The word Kayin is the collective name for all or Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe) and Bwe national races. Descended from Tibet-Myanmar dialect group, Kayins gradually entered Myanmar in Seventh AD or Eighth AD from east of Toungoo. The six different families of Kayin nationals are Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe), Bwe, Padaung, Kayinni and Zayein. They can be also defined as northern Kayins and southern Kayins based on the regions they are living in. Bwes are northern Kayins and Sawhaws (Sakaws) and Shos (Poes) are southern Kayins.

Though there are differences in tone and accent in dialects of various groups of the Kayin family, they all came from the same origin.

Formation of districts, townships and villages: Total area of Kayin State is 11,730.894 square-miles. There are 410 wards and village-tracts and seven townships under Hpa-an District, Kawkareik District and Myawady District. The capital of Kayin State is Hpa-an.

Sown acreage and produce: Kayin State has a cultivated area of nearly 700,000 acres The state grows over 300,000 acres of monsoon paddy yearly, with an annual yield of 14.5 million baskets. There are over 10,000 acres of silted-land farms and over 5,000 acres of garden farms. As the state gets large amount of rain every year, monsoon crops do not need irrigation. Only could seasonal crops are cultivated with irrigated water.

Paddy is the main crop of Kayin State. Winter groundnut is cultivated on silted-land and monsoon groundnut at hill-side farms. Other crops grown in the region are sesame, beans and pulses, sugarcane, rubber, areca, coffee. coconut and fruits.

Other Products:
Minerals such as iron, lead, copper. tin, coal and antimony are mined in the state.

Traditions and culture:
Hpasi (ceremonial bronze drum) is the symbol of Kayin culture. Kayin don is a popular dance. The religious or traditional festivals are. Kayin New Year Day celebrations, ceremonial house-warming ceremonies, sand pagoda festival, Kayin campfire festivity, the festival to summon the spirits, boat floating festival and bone collecting ceremony. Farm festivals are harvesting festival and various festivals to offer food to spirits.

Hpasi (ceremonial bronze drum) is the symbol of Kayin culture. Kayin don is a popular dance. The religious or traditional festivals are. Kayin New Year Day celebrations, ceremonial house-warming ceremonies, sand pagoda festival, Kayin campfire festivity, the festival to summon the spirits, boat floating festival and bone collecting ceremony. Farm festivals are harvesting festival and various festivals to offer food to spirits.


Mount Zwegabin, Kayin State

Historical sites and places of interest: The magnificent Zwegabin Hill is an attractive place for visitors and Kawtgon Cave is also a place of interest.

TV re-transmission stations:
TV re-transmission stations were opened in Myawady on 28 June 1996, in Myainggyingu Special Region, Hlaingbwe Township, on 6 July 1996, in Kya-in-Seikkyi on 18 July 1996, in Papon on 9 marcl1 1994, at Payathonzu on 18 September 1996 and in Kyondoe on 11 July 1996.


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Prepared by THAN TUN WIN, Embassy of the Union of Myanmar , Brussels