Ayeyawady Division


Location: Ayeyawady Division lies at the southern end of the central plains of Myanmar. In the north of it is Bago Division and in the east are Bago and Yangon Divisions. On the southern and western sides of the division are Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal. It is contiguous with the Rakhine State in the north-west. The Division lies between north latitude 15 40' and 18 30' approximately and between cast longitude 94 15' and 96 15' . It is mostly a delta region and has an area of 13,566 sq-smiles.

The southern part of Ayeyawady Division has a monsoon climate of the tropical region and the northern part having decreased rainfall has Savannah climate of the tropical region. The hottest months are April and May while the coldest are December and January The average temperature in April in southern towns is 85 F (29.4 C) approximately and it is more in northern towns. The day temperature in the same month in the southern towns is about 10() F (37.8 C) and the northern towns are hotter. The average temperature of January is 75 F (23.9 C) in the southern part and the northern part is cooler. The rainy season lasts from middle of May to October. The rainfall becomes less from south to north. The annual rainfall of Pathein is about 120 inches while it is about 95 inches in Hinthada.

Ayeyawady Division lies at the southern end of the central plains of Myanmar. In the north of it is Bago Division and in the east are Bago and Yangon Divisions. On the southern and western sides of the division are Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal. It is contiguous with the Rakhine State in the north-west. The Division lies between north latitude 15 40' and 18 30' approximately and between cast longitude 94 15' and 96 15' . It is mostly a delta region and has an area of 13,566 sq-smiles.

The southern part of Ayeyawady Division has a monsoon climate of the tropical region and the northern part having decreased rainfall has Savannah climate of the tropical region. The hottest months are April and May while the coldest are December and January The average temperature in April in southern towns is 85 F (29.4 C) approximately and it is more in northern towns. The day temperature in the same month in the southern towns is about 10() F (37.8 C) and the northern towns are hotter. The average temperature of January is 75 F (23.9 C) in the southern part and the northern part is cooler. The rainy season lasts from middle of May to October. The rainfall becomes less from south to north. The annual rainfall of Pathein is about 120 inches while it is about 95 inches in Hinthada.

Population, inhabitants, religion and dialect: In Ayeyawady division, Bamar and Kayin nationals form the majority of the population. Few Rakhine nationals can be found in western coastal region. The majority of the people profess Buddhism and there are also many Christians and those who profess Islam. Myanmar is the common language. The population of the division is over 6.5 million.

In Ayeyawady division, Bamar and Kayin nationals form the majority of the population. Few Rakhine nationals can be found in western coastal region. The majority of the people profess Buddhism and there are also many Christians and those who profess Islam. Myanmar is the common language. The population of the division is over 6.5 million.


Organization of districts, towns and villages: The Ayeyawady Division is made up of five districts namely Pathein. Hinthada, Myaungmya, Maubin and Pyapon.


The division has been constituted with 26 townships. wards and village-tracts. The area of the division is 13,567 sq. miles. The estimated population is over6.5 million. It is the most populous among stales and divisions. The average population density per sq mile is 466 persons. Pathein is the principal city of the division.


Chaungtha Beach, Ayeyawady Division

Forest and natural vegetation: There are evergreen forests on Rakhine Yomas. Deciduous forests can be found in the northern part of the division. Near the rivers and streams in upper part of the delta region, there grow forests. Mangrove forests grow along tidal rivers and creeks. In some places along the sea coast. sand-bank forests can be seen. As many places have been turned into agricultural land, there remain not much natural vegetations.

In Ayeyawady Division, there are 1.8 million acres of reserved forests and about five million acres of forests outside them. Wood such as Pyinkadoe, Taw. Thayet. Taung Thayet, Binga, Pyinma and Htaukkyant can be extracted from Rakhine Yoma forests. Mangrove forests produce hmyaw-wood used in construction and fishery works. Spring forests produce Anan and Yon wood to be used in building of houses and farm implements. Firewood and charcoal arc mostly produced from mangrove forests.


Sown acreage and crops produced:
In Ayeyawady Division. over 3.6 million acres out of more than four million acres of agricultural lands, are paddy fields. The acreage of alluvial and garden lands is 0.2 million each. The total acreage of farmlands is over twenty-thousand and that of the hill-side cultivation is over five hundred. Farmlands can be seen in the northern part of the division. and hill-side cultivation is found on Rakhine Yomas. There is 0.6 million acres of double cropping. In dry season, double cropping is carried out by irrigation. There is altogether about thirty-three thousand acres of irrigated farmlands.

The principal crop of Ayeyawady Division is paddy. The division is called the biggest granary of Myanmar. In addition to paddy, other prominent crops are maize. sesame, groundnut, sunflower, beans and pulses and Jute. Other crops are chilli, onion and spices, tobacco, betel leaf, betel nut, coconut, banana, mango, nipa-palm, tapioca, vegetables, etc.


Other products:
Fishery business is important in the Ayeyawady Division. Accordingly, the division produces fish, prawn, fish-paste, dry fish, dry prawn, and fish sauce. Saltern works are being carried out in Ngaputaw and Labutta townships. Prominent handicrafts are Pathein parasol making. Halawa sweetmeats works, pottery and weaving. Some ocean-going ships can berth at Pathein port. Paddy, timber and cement are exported through the port.

Interesting, historic and geographically significant places:
Chaungtha Beach Resort and Hainggyi Island are significant. Inyegyi Lake is also popular for its beauty and pleasantness. Fresh-water and deep-sea fishery works arc being broadly carried out at the lake.

Chaungtha Beach Resort and Hainggyi Island are significant. Inyegyi Lake is also popular for its beauty and pleasantness. Fresh-water and deep-sea fishery works arc being broadly carried out at the lake.

Culture and traditional festivals:
As the majority inhabitants of the division are Bamar nationals, Myanmar traditional and cultural festivals and pagoda festivals are usually held Pathein Mawtinsoon Pagoda Festival is prominent and popular. Moreover, Zalun Pyidawbyan pagoda festival is always crowded with devotees.

As the majority inhabitants of the division are Bamar nationals, Myanmar traditional and cultural festivals and pagoda festivals are usually held Pathein Mawtinsoon Pagoda Festival is prominent and popular. Moreover, Zalun Pyidawbyan pagoda festival is always crowded with devotees.

Radio/ TV retransmission and microwave stations:
The Kyaunggon retransmission station was opened on 12-2-85. In consequence people living in 12 townships in the division can be accessible to the television Another retransmission station was opened at Labutta on 16-7-97 Similarly Bogalay retransmission station was opened on 17-7-97 and people from Bogalay Pyapon and Mawlamyinegyun townships have TV at present.


_________________________________________________________________

Prepared by THAN TUN WIN, Embassy of the Union of Myanmar , Brussels