Myanmar's labour force constitutes one of the primary resources of the Country. Fairly well trained manpower and skilled labour are available for most industrial activities. Due to its traditional emphasis on education, the literacy rate in Myanmar is fairly high. Required qualified manpower can be recruited through the township labour offices.
Procedures for Recruitment of Workers
A private and cooperative business undertaking employing 5 workers and above has to notify the Township Labour Office of his intention to recruit workers in the prescribed form.
The Labour Office will prepare a list of candidates who meet the requirements mentioned in the form and send these candidates to the employer.
The employer is to select the most suitable person from among the candidates submitted by the Labour Office.
Wages and Salaries
Wages and Salaries of workers in the private enterprise are usually fixed on mutual agreement between the employers and the workers. At present, the minimum daily wage for an unskilled worker in the State sector is K 20. There are variations in wage scales according to the type of skill.
Labour Welfare Amenities and Other Entitlements
Working Hours (a) At shops, companies, trading centres, 8 hrs a day services enterprises, entertainment houses 48 hrs a week (b) In factories, oil fields and mines 8 hrs a day 44 hrs a week (c) Factories engaged in continuous process 48 hrs a week (d) In underground mines 8 hrs a day 40 hrs a week
Leaves and Holidays
In a privately owned business
6 days casual leave, 30 days medical leave and 10 days earned leave and 21 public holidays in a year with wages.
In private enterprises covered by the Social Security Act. 1954, women workers can enjoy maternity leave with wages in addition to the leaves and holidays mentioned above.
Social Security Benefits
Private enterprises employing more than five workers are covered by the Social Security Act 1954 Contributions to the schemes are to be made according to ten catagories of income group of the employees. The employer contributes 2 per cent of the insured wages of the employees. The workers insured under the Act are entitled, apart from free medical care to cash sickness benefit, cash maternity benefit, funeral grants, temporary disability benefit, permanent disability benefit and Survivors Ż pension
If a worker who is not insured with the Social Security Scheme suffers work injury and causing tempory or permanent disability or death in case of accidents arising out of and in the course of employment, the employer is liable to pay compensation for that worker according to the Workmen's Compensation Act.
Settlement of Trade Disputes
A systematic and effective machinery has been established under the Ministry of Labour for settlement of trade disputes. There are also ways and means for preliminary negotiation and conciliation at the township level.
The Department of Labour can help the foreign enterprises in scrutinizing the Work Rules and Employment Contracts so that they may be in conformity with the provision of the existing Myanma' s Labour Law.
Prepared by THAN TUN WIN, Embassy of
the Union of